Tuesday, 24 June 2014

Applications of Biotechnology

The Applications of Biotechnology are discussed here which  is applied in various fields now a days such as agriculture, medicine, Food industry, Pharmaceutical industries etc, Let us define what is biotechnology. With the help of genetic engineering (Biotechnology) using various living organism or their parts or components , different types of products which are used at commercial level are made. Such as Crops which are pest resistant, hybrid animals with high nutritional value are made with the help of biotechnology.. Some of the applications of biotechnology are as follows.
  1. Biotechnology can be used to grow better crops, hybrid crops can be made which gives high yield and disease resistant.
  2. Value added product of plants or crops can be made with the help of biotechnology.
  3. Crops yield can be improved by introducing specific genes into the plants using biotechnology, this genes are resistant to insects, resistant to environmental stress such as (heat, cold, drought) and tolerance to herbicides.
  4. Tolerance from virus can be done with biotechnology.
  5. Genetically engineered poultry can be done with biotechnology.
  6. Genetically engineered plants can be grown.
  7. Some of the genetically engineered microorganism can be made which can be used as pesticides.
  8. Genetically engineered insects can be made which are used in agriculture.
  9. Nutritional value in plant can be improved with this technology.
  10. Productivity of crops can be improved with biotechnology.
  11. Gene therapy is also available which is used in diagnosis of Parkinson and Cancer disease.
  12. Using genetic testing we can study if there is any disease in children or parents.
  13. Biotechnology is used in making beer.
  14. Biotechnology is used in making bread.
  15. Biotechnology is used in making fruit and vegetable juices.
  16. Biotechnology is used in making cheese and other cheese products.
  17. Various enzymes can be made which are used as catalyst in various chemical reaction.
These are some of the applications of biotechnology which are used directly of indirectly to improve lifestyle or health of living organisms.

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