Tuesday, 24 June 2014

Applications of Biotechnology in medicine

Applications of Biotechnology in medicine: As we know that biotechnology plays a very important role in various fields such as agriculture, food industry etc., In medicine also biotechnology is widely used, Different types of diseases can be diagnosed by biotechnology. Some of the applications of biotechnology in medicine are as follows.

  1. Gene therapy is one of the application of biotechnology which is used to diagnose and treat diseases like cancer and Parkinson.
  2.  Through various genetically modified animals and plant scientist are trying to make various Biopharmaceuticals to treat various disease.
  3. Pharmacogenomics is one of the applications in which the genetic information of an individual is studied. Using this genetic information the behavior of certain drugs on body can be studied. So that according to the genetic information favorable drugs can be prepared.
  4. Genetic testing is also an important application in which the genetic disease in children and parents can be identified.
  5. Many hormones , chemicals and enzymes for pharmaceuticals industries are produced using biotechnology.
  6. The gene of interest can be introduced into the body using genetic engineering and recombinant DNA technology.
  7. With the help of biotechnology various antibiotics are developed and are used.
  8. Production of vaccines for animals and humans.
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